There are numerous venomous animals in the animal kingdom, but not all venoms are created equal. Some stings and bites are merely irritating, while others can slowly and unexpectedly stun their victims. Then there are those stings that are excruciatingly painful. Here are ten of the animals with the most painful bites or stings in the animal kingdom.
10. Gila Monster
Gila monsters, one of the few poisonous lizards in the world, are colorful southwestern North American natives. Since they lack the musculature to forcefully inject venom, they rely on their sharp teeth and vigorous chewing to ensure that the poison is successfully injected. The bite of a Gila monster is painful to humans, but fortunately, these creatures are generally docile as long as they are left alone.
9. Black Widow Spider
The black widow, one of the world’s most infamous spiders, lives up to its reputation and is capable of inflicting humans with painful and toxic bites. Early symptoms of a bite from a female black widow may be minimal, such as a pinprick, or not felt. Within an hour, possible symptoms include pain throughout the body near the bite site, difficulty breathing, high blood pressure, muscle weakness, nausea, and vomiting.
8. Pit Viper
Venomous snakes include copperheads, water moccasins, and rattlesnakes. Copperhead snake bites are typically not fatal, but they can cause severe pain within minutes. All species of pit viper bites can cause changes in heart rate or rhythm, difficulty breathing, numbness near the bite site, lymph node enlargement, and weakness or dizziness.
Considering the abundance of poisonous animals in Australia, the adorable and clumsy platypus may appear harmless. Ankle spurs on the hind legs of a male platypus are capable of delivering a sting that causes excruciating pain and swelling in humans. Unless provoked, however, they rarely sting humans.
6. Box Jellyfish
These gelatinous sea creatures, also known as sea wasps, are among the ocean’s most feared creatures. Even beach-wrecked jellyfish are capable of releasing venomous stingers from their tentacles. It is reputed to be the most venomous creature in the world, as its venom is so toxic. Within five minutes of being stung, humans typically experience excruciating pain, difficulty breathing, and sometimes cardiac arrest.
When threatened, the creature that killed Australian conservationist Steve Irwin will attack. Stingrays have venomous barbs on their tails, and the majority of stingray-related injuries occur when someone accidentally steps on one. Symptoms include difficulty breathing, perspiration, muscle cramps, bleeding, seizures, and chest pain.
4. Arizona Bark Scorpion
The Arizona bark scorpion is the most venomous scorpion in North America, which is frightening given that it is the most common house scorpion in Arizona. The venom causes severe pain and can result in symptoms such as mouth foaming, difficulty breathing, and muscle convulsions.
3. Bullet Ant
According to the Schmidt Sting Pain Index, the bullet ant has the distinction of having the most painful sting of all insect species. This dangerous insect is native to South America, where it is known as the 24-hour ant due to the length of time its sting causes pain. In spite of the excruciating pain, the stings are not known to be fatal or cause permanent damage.
2. Tarantula Hawk Wasp
The enormous Tarantula hawk wasps get their name from their habit of hunting tarantulas. Tarantulas are not easy prey, so tarantula hawks are equipped with a potent venom that is said to produce one of the most painful stings in the insect kingdom. According to the Schmidt Sting Pain Index, tarantula hawk stings are the second most painful stings ever measured.
The stonefish is one of the few creatures on this list capable of delivering a painful and potentially lethal sting. Stonefish are the most poisonous fish in the world and are capable of killing humans with their stings. They inhabit the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Stonefish have venomous spines along with their dorsal fins. A stonefish sting necessitates medical attention and antiserum treatment to reverse the symptoms, which may include irregular heartbeat, temporary paralysis, shock, extreme pain, and even death.